Liquid Plasma Discharge for Biodiesel Synthesis
- Detailed Technology Description
- Transesterification Induced from Liquid PlasmaAn AC-powered liquid-plasma process offers sustainable biodiesel production from a feedstock mixture of oils/fats and alcohol. This continuous process uses recycled waste cooking oils and/or animal fats and is fast, cost effective and does not require catalysts or high temperatures. The high voltage energy associated with electric discharge in the feedstock mixture breaks down chemical bonds of oil and alcohol so that the generated liquid plasma can induce the transesterification process needed for biodiesel synthesis. This technology boasts an extremely rapid reaction time (under one second) and a high conversion rate.Sustainable Biodiesel SynthesisBiodiesel is a preferred substitute for petroleum diesel, and while large scale industrial biodiesel production is highly promoted in the U.S., current methods suffer from low production efficiency, high energy consumption and high costs. The proposed technology offers several advantages over these techniques, such as enhanced feedstock selectivity, small AC power supply (vs. a large, high-cost pulse power supply), a <1 second reaction time (vs. hours), no preheating or high temperatures, no catalysts and little/reduced purification.BENEFITS AND FEATURES:Lower costs expected as compared to traditional methodsContinuous processNo catalyst requiredNo high temperatures or preheating neededHigh conversion rate, fewer byproducts; less purification requiredRapid reaction time (Enhanced feedstock selectivitySmaller, lower cost AC power supplyAPPLICATIONS:BiodieselChemical synthesisPolymer synthesisWater and wastewater treatmentMaterial decompositionDisinfection and sterilizationPhase of Development Proof of concept. Demonstrated on laboratory scale.
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